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revised January 13, 2009

Comprehensive Health Status Report 2008

Arrow BulletInfectious Disease

Boy getting a needleOver the last 50 years, the incidence of infectious diseases, and the deaths that result from them, have fallen dramatically.  Successful vaccination programs have almost eradicated diseases such as tetanus and diphtheria and substantially decreased the burden of illness of diseases such as measles, Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), and pertussis.

Thirty years ago we began to see complacency about infectious diseases: people no longer considered them to be a serious threat.  Since then, however, many new infectious diseases have emerged, and others thought to be almost eliminated have resurfaced.  With modern patters of travel and trade, infections can be a serious problem, and outbreaks of food-borne and waterborne diseases still occur.

Topics covered within this chapter include:

  • Vaccine-preventable diseases
  • Sexually-transmitted and blood-borne infections
  • Tuberculosis
  • Enteric illness
  • Health-care associated infections

Infectious Disease (PDF 17 pages, 1.93MB)


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