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revised April 04, 2011
State of the Region's Health Report: Focus on Suicide

Arrow BulletChapter 1 - Sexually-Transmitted and Bloodborne Infections
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and bloodborne infections are caused by a variety of bacteria and viruses found in blood and body fluids (semen, vaginal fluids and sometimes breast milk and saliva). In addition to being spread by sexual contact, STIs can also be spread by another route such as injection or a cut in the skin. STIs are rarely spread through such activities as touching, hugging, shaking hands or non-sexual kissing. Gonorrhea and chlamydia are almost exclusively sexually transmitted. Other diseases can also be spread through contaminated blood. For hepatitis C, blood is the main route of infection; for syphilis, sexual transmission is most frequent; while for Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection (HIV) and hepatitis B, both blood and sexual transmission are the primary routes of transmission. All these diseases may be passed from mother to child during pregnancy or birth, often with severe consequences to the fetus or newborn.

Chapter 1 - Sexually-Transmitted and Bloodborne Infections (PDF 70KB, 9 pages)


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