HIV/AIDS Risk Factors
- In Peel Region, a greater proportion of HIV/AIDS cases were due to heterosexual transmission compared to Ontario. Between 2000 to 2004, heterosexual transmission accounted for 30% of all HIV/AIDS cases in Peel.
- In the decade from 1997 to 2006, heterosexual transmission and origin from an HIV-endemic country have become increasingly important risk factors for HIV/AIDS among males in Peel Region.
- Among females in Peel, the most notable change in risk has been the dramatic increase in women reporting origin from an HIV-endemic country. From 1985 to 1996, 9% of HIV-positive women reported origin from an HIV-endemic country whereas in the next decade, 34% of women reported this risk.
- The proportion of HIV/AIDS cases attributed to men having sex with other men (MSM) has decreased over time in Peel Region as well as in Ontario.
- Origin from an HIV-endemic country is one of the most rapidly increasing risk categories in Ontario and in Peel Region. During the last 20 years, the proportion of HIV/AIDS cases reporting origin from an HIV-endemic country has risen about 9-fold in Ontario and 14-fold in Peel. Given the demographic profile for the Region of Peel and the predicted immigration pattern, this trend is likely to continue into the foreseeable future.
HIV/AIDS Risk Factors (PDF 7 pages, 524KB)
Table of contents:
- Table of Contents (PDF 164KB, 1 page)
- List of Figures (PDF 49KB, 1 page)
- Message from the Medical Officer of Health (PDF 231KB, 1 page)
- Introduction (PDF139KB, 1 page)
- HIV/AIDS - an Overview (Chapter 1)
- Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS (Chapter 2)
- HIV/AIDS Risk Factors (Chapter 3)
- Co-Infections with HIV/AIDS (Chapter 4)
- HIV/AIDS Mortality (Chapter 5)
- Special Populations (Chapter 6)
- Discussion (PDF 50KB, 1 page)
- Recommendations (PDF 61KB, 3 pages)
- Peel Health Facts (PDF 81KB, 7 pages)
- Data Sources, Methods and Limitations (PDF 97KB, 10 pages)
- Glossary (PDF 68KB, 4 pages)
- References (PDF 60KB, 2 pages)