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Operator Cleaning and Disinfection

Cleaning Foot Baths/Foot Thrones

printable fact sheet for operators

What is the health risk? 

Bacterial and fungal infections can occur from using unclean foot baths/ foot thrones.  Fungal and bacterial infections appear as discolorations in the nail that spread toward the cuticle and cause pain, redness, itching and pus around the nail area.

Do not use oil-based products in the foot throne or on the client’s feet or legs. Oil will build up in the re-circulating system and give bacteria a breeding ground.

Cleaning foot baths (stainless steel & portable basins)

  1. Wash and scrub the basin with soap and warm water.
  2. Rinse with clean water.
  3. Disinfect the foot bath with intermediate level disinfectant (at a minimum), such as 2 tsp of household bleach with 2 cups of water and given 10 minutes of contact time.
  4. Drain the foot bath and wipe dry with a clean cloth.

Cleaning foot thrones

After each client:

  • Scrub with soap and warm water.
  • Rinse with clean water
  • Disinfect the throne with either:
    • 2 tsp of household chlorine bleach per 2 cups of water and run the foot throne for at least 10 minutes.
    • 6% hydrogen peroxide and run the foot throne for 45 minutes. 
  • By following the manufacturer’s recommendations.
  • Drain the foot throne and remove the screen(s).
  • Clean the screens with soap, water and a brush to remove all debris.
  • Disinfect the screen(s) with an intermediate level disinfectant, then re-place screen(s).
  • Fill the foot throne with water and 2-3 tbsp of low sudsing detergent and run with the jets on for 5 minutes.
  • Drain and rinse the throne again, refill it with an intermediate level disinfectant, such as 2 tsp of household chlorine bleach per 2 cups of water.
  • Activate jets and flush for 15 minutes.
  1. Drain the basin and wipe dry.

Note: mixing bleach with other cleaning agents may result in toxic vapours and reduce the effectiveness of bleach.  Bleach solutions must be mixed fresh each day.

Adapted from and used by permission of the Durham Region Health Department and Toronto Public Health



Clean, Disinfect, Sterilize

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Revised: Friday May 06 2011

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