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School Health Reference Guide

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

The Region of Peel School Health Reference Guide is a supplementary resource to relevant Peel and Dufferin-Peel school board policies. Refer to school board policy first if you have questions or concerns.

Childhood Diseases and Illnesses

Hepatitis A
Description/Symptoms
  • Viral infection of the liver.
  • Hepatitis A is not a chronic infection.
  • Symptoms include: fever, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, tiredness and abdominal discomfort. A few days after the onset of symptoms a condition called jaundice may develop where urine is a dark colour and the skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow.
  • Disease may be mild particularly in young children. Symptoms can develop 15 to 50 days from the time of exposure.
  • People are most infectious two weeks before symptoms occur and remain infectious for up to two weeks after the onset of symptoms or one week after the onset of jaundice.
  • Spread by food, water or objects that have been contaminated with the feces of a person with Hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis A can also be transmitted person-to-person by the fecal-oral route (when fecal particles from one person enter the mouth of another person). This can happen if the ill person does not wash their hands after a bowel movement. The virus on the hands can be transmitted to surfaces other people touch.
Instructions for Schools
  • Report immediately to Peel Public Health at 905-799-7700.
  • Classroom exposure does not pose a significant risk for infection.
  • Exclude from school for one week after jaundice first appears.
  • Exclude from activities involving food preparation or handling until the eighth day after jaundice appears.
  • Enhance cleaning and disinfection of high touch surfaces and washrooms.
  • Encourage thorough hand washing (PDF) and respiratory etiquette (PDF).
  • Remember to protect the confidentiality of the student by not disclosing a diagnosis to concerned parents and/or colleagues. If contact follow up of those exposed is required, Peel Public Health will contact those who are at risk.
Notes
  • Vaccine may be given to close contacts of an infected person within two weeks of exposure.
  • Once a person has had hepatitis A they develop immunity.
  • There is no carrier state.
Role of Peel Public Health:
  • A public health inspector will contact the parents of the student to discuss information related to nature of disease, mode of transmission and prevention.

Disclaimer:
Peel Public Health is not responsible for the content of the linked websites and the information presented there.


For more information on communicable disease resources and programs,
call Peel Public Health at 905-799-7700.(In Caledon, call 905-584-2216.)
 

www.peelregion.ca

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Revised: Friday January 08 2016