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School Health Reference Guide


The Region of Peel School Health Reference Guide is a supplementary resource to relevant Peel and Dufferin-Peel school board policies. Refer to school board policy first if you have questions or concerns.

Childhood Diseases and Illnesses

Malaria (Plasmodium)
  • Caused by a parasite.
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, pain and chills. The fever may recur every two to three days. The illness can be very severe.
  • Malaria is spread when an infected mosquito bites a human and injects a parasite into the blood, by injection or transfusion of infected blood or use of contaminated needles and syringes.
  • The time between the infective bite and the appearance of symptoms varies with the type of parasite.
Instructions for Schools
  • Malaria is most commonly acquired outside of Canada.
  • Malaria transmission occurs in:
    • most of sub-Saharan Africa and limited areas in North Africa;
    • large areas of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and some parts of East Asia;
    • areas in South and Central America as well as the Caribbean, including Haiti and parts of the Dominican Republic and Mexico;
    • Papua New Guinea and other small islands in the South Pacific/Oceania region; and
    • Limited areas in the Middle East and Eastern Europe
  • When travelling to an area where malaria exists, discuss the need for anti-malarial medication with a doctor.
Resources and related links:

Peel Public Health is not responsible for the content of the linked websites and the information presented there

For more information on communicable disease resources and programs,
call Peel Public Health at 905-799-7700.(In Caledon, call 905-584-2216.)


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Revised: Monday January 11 2016