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Labour Force Activity

Peelís total labour force in 2001 was 564,190. The participation rate or the number of people in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over was 73.5 per cent, a decrease from 77.0 per cent in 1991.

Since 1991, the participation rate in Peel has been dropping more slowly for females than males - females now make up a greater proportion of the labour force than in the past. From 1991 to 2001, the female participation rate in the labour force fell from 70.4 per cent to 67.9 per cent while the male participation rate declined from 83.7 per cent to 79.3 per cent over the same time period.

In 2001, the top occupation areas for all persons in Peel were:

  1. Business, finance and administration
  2. Sales and service
  3. Transportation, transport and equipment operators

This order has not changed since 1996; however, the business, finance and administration and sales and service percentages of the labour force have decreased slightly while the number of people in the transportation, transport and equipment operators category has increased.

Unemployment rates in Peel were considerably lower in 2001 (5.1 per cent) than in 1991 (7.8 per cent). The national unemployment rate in 2001 was 7.4 per cent compared to 10.2 per cent in 1991.

Growth in the number of people who work at home has been strong in Peel, particularly amongst females. In 2001, 5.3 per cent (or 28,360) of Peel residents reported that their usual place of work was their home. This was up from 4.5 per cent (or 19,506 people) in 1991.

In 1991, only 7.4 per cent of Peelís labour force reported themselves as self-employed. By 2001, this figure rose to 9.7 per cent. In 2001, only 6.4 per cent of women were self employed, as compared to 12.6 per cent of males. The male and female self-employment figures have changed little over the last decade - men continue to be much more likely than females to be self-employed.

In 2001, the Census added a new question that asked about languages used at work. Not surprisingly, 89.9 per cent of Peel residents reported English as the only language they used at work. An additional 54,270 people reported speaking English and another language at work. Surprisingly, 6,540 people reported speaking only one non-English language at work. Of these, Punjabi was spoken most (1,730 people) followed by Chinese (1,205 people) and Portuguese (545 people).

 Charts


Peel's Work at Home Labour Force by Gender, 1991 and 2001


Peel's Work at Home Labour Force by Gender, 1991 and 2001

Source: Statistics Canada, 1991 and 2001 Censuses


Unemployment & Participation Rates in Peel, 1991, 1996, and 2001


Unemployment & Participation Rates in Peel, 1991, 1996, and 2001

Source: Statistics Canada, 1991, 1996, and 2001 Censuses



 Other Resources

1996 Census Tables

Statistics from the 1996 Census on a variety of topics.

2001 Census Tables

Statistics from the 2001 Census on a variety of topics.

2006 Census Tables

Statistics from the 2006 Census on a variety of topics.

Ward Profiles

Information from the 2001 Census for each ward in Peel.

In-Depth Census Reports

In-depth reports on topics such as age and sex, education and earnings, home languages, households and dwellings, immigration and more.

Reference Maps

Regional orientation maps and maps of areas used for analyzing data.

Additional Data Holdings

Regional orientation maps and maps of areas used for analyzing data.

Please send comments and questions to:

Peel Data Centre
Region of Peel
Integrated Planning Division, Corporate Services
10 Peel Centre Dr., Suite A, 6th Flr.
Brampton, ON L6T 4B9