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Population and Dwelling Counts in Peel and the Greater Toronto Area (GTA)

 Population Growth in Peel and the GTA

According to the 2006 Census, 1,159,405 people were living in Peel in May 2006. From 2001 to 2006, Peel’s population increased by 17.2 percent, or 170,457 people. Since 2001, the population of Peel has been steadily increasing at a rate of 34,000 people per year. Within Peel, Mississauga had the highest population figure, (with 668,549 people) followed by Brampton (with 433,806 people) and Caledon (with 57,050 people).

Though Mississauga recorded the largest population figure within Peel, Brampton experienced the largest population growth rate. In 2001, Brampton’s population was 325,428. By 2006, this figure had increased by a third to 433,806. Population growth in Brampton accounted for 63.6 percent of Peel’s total population growth. Caledon’s population increased from 2001 to 2006 by 12.8 percent (to 57,050). Mississauga had the smallest growth rate in Peel with 9.1 percent. The fastest growing areas of Peel are located in the east and west parts of Brampton, southwest Caledon (Bolton) and northwest Mississauga.

Within Peel, the pace of population growth is increasing in Brampton and decreasing in Mississauga and Caledon. From 1996 to 2001, Brampton’s population increased by 21.3 percent. From 2001 to 2006, Brampton’s population increased by 33.3 percent. This is a dramatic increase in the pace of growth. Conversely, Caledon experienced a dramatic decrease in the pace of growth. From 1996 to 2001, Caledon’s population growth was 26.8 percent. From 2001 to 2006, Caledon’s population increased by 12.8 percent. Mississauga’s population growth rates are declining less dramatically – the population increased by 12.6 percent between 1996 and 2001. This figure fell to 9.1 percent between 2001 and 2006.

From 2001 to 2006, the population of the GTA increased by 9 percent to 5.5 million people. Toronto had the highest population (with 2,503,281 people), followed by Peel (with 1,159,405 people), York (with 892,712 people), Durham (with 561,258 people), and Halton (with 439,256 people).

York was the fastest growing municipality in the GTA with a growth rate of 22.4 percent from 2001 to 2006. Peel had the second highest growth rate (17.2 percent) followed closely by Halton (with 17.1 percent). Although Peel had the second highest percentage growth rate in the GTA, it ranked highest in absolute population growth. From 2001 to 2006, Peel’s population increased by 170,457 people, while York’s population increased by 163,458 people and Halton’s population increased by 64,027 people. Toronto experienced the lowest population percentage growth rate (0.9 percent) and the lowest absolute population increase (21,787) in the GTA.

Within the GTA, the pace of population growth is increasing or staying constant in every municipality except Toronto. From 1996 to 2001, Toronto’s population grew by 4.0 percent. From 2001 to 2006, the population grew by only 0.9 percent. While Toronto is still growing, the pace of growth is decreasing. The pace of growth is increasing in Halton – from 1996 to 2001, the population increased by 10.4 percent. From 2001 to 2006, this number jumped to 17.1 percent. Peel experienced a modest increase in the pace of population growth – the population grew by 17.2 percent from 2001 to 2006. This is slightly higher than the 16.0 percent population increase experienced between 1996 and 2001. In York and Durham, the 2001 to 2006 population growth rates were very similar to the 1996 to 2001 population growth rates.

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Tables and Charts

Population and Growth Rates for the GTA and Peel's Area Municipalities,
1996, 2001 and 2006
  Population
1996 2001 2006 Growth Rate: 1996-2001 Growth Rate: 2001-2006 Growth Rate: 1996-2006
Toronto 2,385,421 2,481,494 2,503,281 4.0% 0.9% 4.9%
Peel 852,526 988,948 1,159,405 16.0% 17.2% 36.0%
    Mississauga 544,382 612,925 668,549 12.6% 9.1% 22.8%
    Brampton 268,251 325,428 433,806 21.3% 33.3% 61.7%
    Caledon 39,893 50,595 57,050 26.8% 12.8% 43.0%
York 592,445 729,254 892,712 23.1% 22.4% 50.7%
Durham 458,616 506,901 561,258 10.5% 10.7% 22.4%
Halton 339,875 375,229 439,256 10.4% 17.1% 29.2%
GTA 4,628,883 5,081,826 5,555,912 9.8% 9.3% 20.0%

Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses

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 Population Densities in Peel and the GTA

Peel has an average population density of 933 people per square kilometre. This number varies significantly between the area municipalities. In Mississauga, there are 2,317 people per square kilometre. This number is slightly lower in Brampton, where there are 1,627 people per square kilometre. In Caledon, there are only 83 people per square kilometre.

On average, there are 780 people per square kilometre in the GTA. Across GTA municipalities, this figure varies from a high of 3,972 in Toronto to a low of 222 in Durham. Peel has the second highest number of people per square kilometre in the GTA (with 933) followed by York (with 507), Halton (with 454) and Durham (with 222).

Tables and Charts

People per Square Kilometre in Peel and the GTA: 1996 - 2006 Censuses
  People per Square Kilometre, 1996 People per Square Kilometre, 2001 People per Square Kilometre, 2006
Toronto 3,785 3,938 3,972
Peel 680 789 925
   Mississauga 1,887 2,124 2,317
   Brampton 996 1,208 1,610
   Caledon 57 73 82
York 336 414 507
Durham 182 201 222
Halton 351 388 454
GTA 649 712 779

Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses

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 Dwelling Growth in Peel and the GTA

In May 2006, there were 359,042 occupied private dwellings in Peel Region. Mississauga had the highest number of occupied private dwellings in Peel (214,894) followed by Brampton (125,934) and Caledon (18,214). The number of occupied private dwellings in Peel increased 16.3 percent from 2001 to 2006. Brampton recorded the highest absolute increase in occupied private dwellings (28,379) and the highest percentage increase in occupied private dwellings (29.1 percent) in Peel. In Caledon, this figure increased by 13.0 percent (an absolute increase of 2,099 dwellings) while in Mississauga this figure rose by 19,714 dwellings to 214,894 – an increase of 10.1 percent.

The total number of occupied private dwellings in the GTA increased by 10 percent to almost 2 million from 2001 to 2006. Toronto recorded the highest number of occupied private dwellings (with 979,330) followed by Peel (with 359,042), York (with 275,673), Durham (with 194,672) and Halton (with 156,947). From 2001 to 2006, only York (23.5 percent) and Halton (17.4 percent) had higher rates of occupied private dwelling growth than Peel. Durham (13.3 percent) and Toronto (3.8 percent) followed Peel. Though Peel only ranked third in terms of occupied private dwelling growth, it had the second highest absolute increase in this figure (with 50,197 dwellings) behind York (with 52,488 dwellings).

Tables and Charts

Occupied Private Dwellings and Growth Rates in Peel and the GTA
  Occupied Private Dwellings
1996 2001 2006 Growth Rate: 1996-2001 Growth Rate: 2001-2006 Growth Rate: 1996-2006
Toronto 903,580 943,075 979,330 4.4% 3.8% 8.4%
Peel 265,935 308,845 359,042 16.1% 16.3% 35.0%
   Mississauga 172,305 195,180 214,894 13.3% 10.1% 24.7%
   Brampton 81,080 97,555 125,934 20.3% 29.1% 55.3%
   Caledon 12,550 16,115 18,214 28.4% 13.0% 45.1%
York 177,575 223,185 275,673 25.7% 23.5% 55.2%
Durham 154,100 171,720 194,672 11.4% 13.4% 26.3%
Halton 118,155 133,665 156,947 13.1% 17.4% 32.8%
GTA 1,619,345 1,780,490 1,965,664 10.0% 10.4% 21.4%

Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses

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 People per Dwelling in Peel and the GTA

Brampton was the only municipality in Peel where the population growth rate (33.3 percent) was higher than the occupied private dwelling growth rate (29.1 percent). As a result, Brampton was also the only municipality where the number of persons per dwelling increased. In 2001, there were 3.34 persons per dwelling in Brampton. By 2006, this figure increased to 3.44. Within Peel, north Mississauga, central Mississauga, north Brampton and east Brampton have the highest number of people per dwelling.

Peel was the only GTA municipality where the population growth rate was higher than the occupied private dwellings growth rate. In Durham, the growth of occupied private dwellings outpaced population growth by 2.6 percent. The number of people per dwelling has decreased in every GTA municipality except Peel, where the number of people per dwelling increased from 3.20 to 3.23. The number of people per dwelling is significantly higher in Peel (3.23) and York (3.24) than it is in the other GTA municipalities. Toronto has the lowest number of people per dwelling in the GTA (with 2.56).

Tables and Charts

People per Dwelling in Peel and the GTA
  People per Dwelling, 1996 People per Dwelling, 2001 People per Dwelling, 2006
Toronto 2.64 2.63 2.56
Peel 3.21 3.20 3.23
   Mississauga 3.16 3.14 3.11
   Brampton 3.31 3.34 3.44
   Caledon 3.18 3.14 3.13
York 3.34 3.27 3.24
Durham 2.98 2.95 2.88
Halton 2.88 2.81 2.80
GTA 2.86 2.85 2.83

Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses


Source: Statistics Canada, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Censuses

Please send comments and questions to:

Peel Data Centre
Region of Peel
Service Innovation, Information and Technology Department,
Information Management Division
10 Peel Centre Dr., Suite A, 6th Flr.
Brampton, ON L6T 4B9