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Watersmart Peel Home

Building your Fusion Garden

Basic tools needed to build a garden

  • Measuring tape
  • Spade shovel
  • Flat shovel or garden edger
  • Rake
  • Paint or garden hose for marking
  • Wheel barrow
  • Pruners
  • Gardening gloves (optional)
  • Sturdy shoes/boots
  • Sunscreen

Designing your garden

  • To design your new garden, begin by sketching your property on a piece of paper.
  • Look at your lawn and garden
  • Know your wants and needs
  • Smooth out any sharp corners to create flow in your garden.
  • Choose taller plants for the back of the garden tapering the height down to the front of the garden.
  • Consider booking a free Fusion Landscape Consultation, to receive a personalized garden design and plant list, as well as guidance with the steps to build a garden.
  • You may want to use our sample garden sketches to help you get started on a garden design.
  • Creating your garden sketch can be the most fun of your project. You get to be creative, personalise your space, begin to envision your new fusion garden.
  • Once you have completed your sketch, measure out the new garden area and use the calculators to help estimate the amount of materials you will require.
garden sample

Top soil calculator

To calculate top soil, you will need to know the length and width of the garden area.

  1. Enter the length and width of the garden and select the unit of measure (feet, inches or meters)
  2. Select the depth - we recommend 6 inches of top soil for new raised gardens and select inches as the unit of measure
  3. Press calculate
Top Soil Calculator
Length:
Width:
Depth:
You will need approximately cubic yards.
Estimated cost

Mulch calculator

To calculate mulch, you will need to know the length and width of the garden.

  1. Enter the length and width of the garden and select the unit of measure (feet, inches or meters)
  2. Select the depth - we recommend 3 inches of mulch for new gardens and select inches as the unit of measure
  3. Press calculate
Mulch Calculator
Length:
Width:
Depth:
You will need approximately cubic yards.
Estimated cost

The cost and volume for top soil, mulch and plants are estimates and will vary depending on the supplier. The costs provided are for general guidelines only.

Mark it out and make the change

Use a garden hose or marking paint to mark out the desired shape of your garden. By doing this, you can make some adjustments to be sure the size and shape of the garden is to your liking.

Once you have finished the marking of your garden you can begin to remove some of the lawn.

Losing the lawn

  • Dig out a small trench along the garden edge which you have marked out. The trench will only need to be 3 to 4 inches wide and 2 to 3 inches deep to separate the new garden from the grass.
  • Change the height in your lawn mower to the shortest setting then mow the grass inside the new garden area (don't forget to change the mower height back to its normal height).
  • Once the grass is mowed, place five layers of newspaper to completely cover the new garden area.
  • Finally, add a 6 inch layer of top soil on top of the newspaper and rake to smooth out the soil.

Purchasing plants

Refer to your sketch and use the plant calculator to help you work out the cost. Many big box store and nurseries have a variety of plants to choose from.

Plant calculator

  1. Refer to your sketch to calculate the number of plants you will need for your garden.
  2. Press calculate
Plant Calculator
  Number of plants Estimated cost per plant    
Perennials: $9.00 =
Shrubs: $30.00 =
Trees: $60.00 =
Estimated cost

Estimates will vary dependant on the supplier. The costs provided are for general guidelines only.

Placing the plants

Refer to your garden sketch and plant labels for the correct placement and spacing.

  • Begin with the larger plants, trees, shrubs and finish with the perennials. Take some time before planting to look at the garden from different angles. Make adjustments and then take a second look. You may need to move the placement of plants a few times before you are satisfied. This step may take a little extra time but will be well worth it in the end.

Planting

You are almost there! Once you have placed the plants in the desired location.

build your garden
  • Move the plant to the side
  • Dig a hole slightly larger than the pot
    • For perennials the hole should be one third bigger than the pot
    • For shrubs and trees the hole should be twice as wide as the container.
  • Gently remove the plant from the pot
  • Place the plant in the hole
  • Fill the remainder of the hole with soil
  • Gentle firm the soil around the plant by placing a hand on either side securing the plant in the garden. For shrubs and trees you can firm the soil with your feet.

Fine finishing

Now that you have finished planting, add a 3 inch layer of mulch to your garden.

  • Distribute the mulch throughout the garden over any exposed soil.
  • Do not mound the mulch around trees, shrubs, or perennials, rather create a doughnut of mulch around the base.
  • Mulch will give your garden a finished look, help retain moisture, and help control weeds.
  • Finally prune any branches or twigs that you may have damaged during the planting. Be careful to preserve the natural growth habits of the plant.

Water Smart

Now that you have finished your garden, you still need to take a bit of care for the next four to six weeks. This is called the establishment period, when you will need to water the plants until they can survive on their own.

  • Spot watering:
    • Use a watering can or garden hose.
    • Water each plant separately
    • Water every 2 to 3 days depending on the weather
    • If it rains relax and skip a watering day
  • Once the establishment period is over, your Fusion Garden will only need water during long periods of hot, dry weather.

Show us your garden pride

Send us a before and after picture of your garden, and it will be entered into a draw for a free rain barrel and may be featured on our website. Please send your photos to watersmartpeel@peelregion.ca.

Revised: Thursday October 23 2014

www.peelregion.ca

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