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Curriculum Expectations

Animal Adaptations

Science and Technology

The Kindergarten Program

A. demonstrate an awareness of the natural and human-made environment through hands-on investigations, observation, questioning, and sharing of their findings;

B. conduct simple investigations through free exploration, focused exploration, and guided activity, using inquiry skills (observing, questioning, planning an investigation, carrying out the investigation, and communicating findings);

C. demonstrate an understanding of and care for the natural world

Grade 1: Understanding Life Systems – Needs and Characteristics of Living Things

2.2 investigate and compare the basic needs of humans and other living things, including the need for air, water, food, warmth, and space, using a variety of methods and resources

3.2 identify the physical characteristics of a variety of plants and animals

Understanding Earth and Space Systems – Daily and Seasonal Changes

3.5 describe changes in the appearance or behaviour of living things that are adaptations to seasonal changes

3.6 describe how humans prepare for and/or respond to daily and seasonal changes

Grade 2: Understanding Life Systems – Growth and Changes in Animals

2.2 observe and compare the physical characteristics and the behavioural characteristics of a variety of animals, including insects, using student-generated questions and a variety of methods and resources

2.3 investigate the life cycle of a variety of animals, using a variety of methods and resources

2.5 investigate the ways in which a variety of animals adapt to their environment and/or to changes in their environment, using various methods

2.7 use appropriate science and technology vocabulary, including life cycle, migration, adaptation, body coverings, and classify, in oral and written communication

3.1 identify and describe major physical characteristics of different types of animals

3.2 describe an adaptation as a characteristic body part, shape, or behaviour that helps a plant or animal survive in its environment

Grade 4: Understanding Life Systems – Habitats and Communities

1.2 identify reasons for the depletion or extinction of a plant or animal species, evaluate the impacts on the rest of the natural community, and propose possible actions for preventing such depletions or extinctions from happening

3.1 demonstrate an understanding of habitats as areas that provide plants and animals with the necessities of life

3.3 identify factors that affect the ability of plants and animals to survive in a specific habitat

3.7 describe structural adaptations that allow plants and animals to survive in specific habitats

3.8 explain why changes in the environment have a greater impact on specialized species than on generalized species

3.9 demonstrate an understanding of why all habitats have limits to the number of plants and animals they can support

Grade 6: Understanding Life Systems – Biodiversity

1.2 assess the benefits that human societies derive from biodiversity and the problems that occur when biodiversity is diminished

3.1 identify and describe the distinguishing characteristics of different groups of plants and animals and use these characteristics to further classify various kinds of plants and animals

3.2 demonstrate an understanding of biodiversity as the variety of life on earth, including variety within each species of plant and animal, among species of plants and animals in communities, and among communities and the physical landscapes that support them

3.3 describe ways in which biodiversity within species is important for maintaining the resilience of those species

3.7 explain how invasive species reduce biodiversity in local environments

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