What Is Emergency Management?

Emergency Management is the actions taken to prepare communities to be less vulnerable and better able to respond to emergencies.

Ontario's Emergency Management Glossary of Terms defines Emergency Management as:

"Organized activities undertaken to prevent, mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from actual or potential emergencies."

5 pillars of Emergency Management

Component Action Example
1. Prevention Actions taken to stop an emergency or disaster from occurring.

By-laws to prevent the transport of materials through residential and educational neighbourhoods.

2. Mitigation Actions taken to reduce the adverse impacts of an emergency or disaster.

The construction of storm sewers to prevent flooding.

3. Preparedness Actions taken prior to an emergency or disaster to ensure an effective response.


Preparing a: Personal / Family Emergency Kit

Vehicle Emergency Kit

Home Escape Plan

Emergency Contact List

4. Response The provision of emergency services and public assistance or intervention during or immediately after an incident in order to protect people, property, the environment, the economy and/or services. First responders working to control a chemical spill.
5. Recovery The process of restoring a stricken community to a pre-disaster level of functioning. Rebuilding destroyed property and repairing critical infrastructure (e.g., bridges).

Revised: Friday February 28 2020

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