Chlamydia is a common STI caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. It is spread from person to person through unprotected oral, anal or vaginal intercourse or through sharing of sex toys.
It can take 2 - 6 weeks or longer after exposure for chlamydia symptoms to appear. A chlamydia infection might not cause any symptoms in men or women.Women might experience:
Men might experience:
Chlamydia can be diagnosed by taking a swab from a female's cervix or the tip of a male's penis, from the throat (for oral sex) or from the anus (for anal sex). Testing for these infections can also be done using a special urine test. Do not urinate (pee) for 1 hour before giving a urine sample.
Chlamydia is 100% curable with oral antibiotics. Be sure to tell your doctor if you’re taking birth control pills or any other medications. Some antibiotics don’t work as well if you’re taking other medications.
Since it is possible to have both chlamydia and gonorrhea at the same time, you might be given two different medications.
Be sure to avoid all sexual (oral, vaginal, anal) contact - even with a condom - during treatment and for at least 7 days after you've finished taking the medication(s).
Your partner(s) must be tested and treated at the same time to prevent re-infection.
Left untreated, chlamydia:
It’s important to know that your infection is cured. Your health-care provider will tell you when to return for a follow-up test. Depending on which tests you need, you’ll be asked to return 1-6 weeks after finishing the medication. If you’re menstruating, you shouldn’t be retested until your period ends.
Both male and females can reduce the risk of contracting chlamydia by:
Pregnant women should be screened and treated if necessary to prevent chlamydia eye infections and pneumonia in their newborns.