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School Health Reference Guide

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

The Region of Peel School Health Reference Guide is a supplementary resource to relevant Peel and Dufferin-Peel school board policies. Refer to school board policy first if you have questions or concerns.

Childhood Diseases and Illnesses

Hepatitis B (HBV)
Description/Symptoms
  • Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver.
  • Even in healthy individuals, some may develop chronic liver disease in later years.
  • Others develop flu-like symptoms, such as fatigue and nausea, and may become very ill with fever, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay coloured stools and jaundice (yellow eyes and skin).
  • Spread by contact with infected blood and body fluids including sexual contact. The infected blood or body fluid must enter a break in the skin or be absorbed through a mucous membrane (eye, mouth, vagina or anus).
  • Hepatitis B is spread to others:
    • Through contact with blood or certain body fluids of an infected person e.g., a bite if infected blood or saliva enters the bloodstream.
    • By a carrier mother who can pass the virus to her baby during childbirth. All pregnant women must be screened for hepatitis B as part of their prenatal care.
  • Hepatitis B is not spread by water, food, kissing, sneezing or coughing.
Instructions for Schools
  • Needs to be reported to Peel Public Health. Please see Handling and Reporting Communicable Diseases for reporting procedures.
  • For reporting cases, complete a Notification of Disease in Schools form (PDF 171KB, 2 Pages).
  • Exclusion unnecessary.
  • Follow routine practices.
  • Child may participate in full range of activities including swimming.
  • Remember to protect the confidentiality of the student by not disclosing a diagnosis to concerned parents and/or colleagues. If contact follow up of those exposed is required, Peel Public Health will contact those who are at risk.
Notes
*(adapted from "Hepatitis B" fact sheet, Healthy Sexuality Team, Peel Public Health)

Disclaimer:
Peel Public Health is not responsible for the content of the linked websites.


For more information on communicable disease resources and programs,
call Peel Public Health at 905-799-7700.(In Caledon, call 905-584-2216.)
 

www.peelregion.ca

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Revised: Friday January 08 2016