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School Health Reference Guide


The Region of Peel School Health Reference Guide is a supplementary resource to relevant Peel and Dufferin-Peel school board policies. Refer to school board policy first if you have questions or concerns.

Childhood Diseases and Illnesses

Hepatitis B (HBV)
  • Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver.
  • Even in healthy individuals, some may develop chronic liver disease in later years.
  • Others develop flu-like symptoms, such as fatigue and nausea, and may become very ill with fever, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay coloured stools and jaundice (yellow eyes and skin).
  • Spread by contact with infected blood and body fluids including sexual contact. The infected blood or body fluid must enter a break in the skin or be absorbed through a mucous membrane (eye, mouth, vagina or anus).
  • Hepatitis B is spread to others:
    • Through contact with blood or certain body fluids of an infected person e.g., a bite if infected blood or saliva enters the bloodstream.
    • By a carrier mother who can pass the virus to her baby during childbirth. All pregnant women must be screened for hepatitis B as part of their prenatal care.
  • Hepatitis B is not spread by water, food, kissing, sneezing or coughing.
Instructions for Schools
  • Needs to be reported to Peel Public Health. Please see Handling and Reporting Communicable Diseases for reporting procedures.
  • For reporting cases, complete a Notification of Disease in Schools form (PDF 171KB, 2 Pages).
  • Exclusion unnecessary.
  • Follow routine practices.
  • Child may participate in full range of activities including swimming.
  • Remember to protect the confidentiality of the student by not disclosing a diagnosis to concerned parents and/or colleagues. If contact follow up of those exposed is required, Peel Public Health will contact those who are at risk.
*(adapted from "Hepatitis B" fact sheet, Healthy Sexuality Team, Peel Public Health)

Peel Public Health is not responsible for the content of the linked websites.

For more information on communicable disease resources and programs,
call Peel Public Health at 905-799-7700.(In Caledon, call 905-584-2216.)


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Revised: Friday January 08 2016