Childhood Diseases and Illnesses
HIB Meningitis (Haemophilus Influenza B Meningitis)
- Caused by a bacteria.
- Onset is usually sudden, including fever, vomiting, feeling tired and stiff neck.
- Spread by droplet infection and discharges from nose and throat during the infectious period.
- Contagious for as long as the organism is present in the nose and throat and possibly contagious for up to 7 days prior to the onset of the illness. Antibiotic treatment reduces communicability within 24 to 48 hours.
- The period between exposure to the infection and the appearance of symptoms is unknown, probably short, 2 to 4 days.
Instructions for Schools
- Report immediately to Peel Public Health at 905-799-7700
- Exclude cases for 24 to 48 hours after the start of antibiotics. Symptoms usually severe enough to require hospitalization.
- Peel Public Health identifies close contacts and if necessary advised to go on a specific antibiotic and/or get vaccinated.
- Encourage thorough hand washing and respiratory etiquette.
- Avoid activities that would result in sharing saliva e.g. kissing, eating utensils and dishes.
- Remember to protect the confidentiality of the student by not disclosing a diagnosis to concerned parents and/or colleagues. If contact follow up of those exposed is required Peel Public Health will contact those who are at risk.
- Vaccine available:
given as part of the routine childhood immunization schedule.
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