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revised July 26, 2007
Pest Control

Integrated Pest Management

Plants, insects, mould, mildew, rodents, bacteria, and other organisms are a natural part of the environment. Although they can benefit you and your surroundings in many ways, they can also be a health hazard.

Common pests such as cockroaches, fleas, termites, ants, mice, rats, mould, or mildew can all be found in our homes. Weeds, hornworms, aphids, and grubs can be a nuisance outdoors.

While you can't totally eliminate most pests, you can control them.

What is IPM?

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) focuses on preventing pest damage.

IPM means managing pest damage both economically and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment. It lets you choose from a number of options to effectively treat your pest problem. Knowing these options also gives you the choice of limiting your exposure to potentially harmful chemicals.

The IPM Concept

The IPM concept was created in response to concerns about our relying too heavily on chemical pesticides. These concerns include:

  • elimination of natural enemies of pests
  • environmental contamination
  • hazards to non-target species
  • outbreaks of formerly suppressed pests, and
  • pesticide resistance


What does IPM involve?

Integrated Pest Management involves:

  1. Preventing insects, plant diseases and weeds from becoming pests.
  2. Identifying pests, their natural enemies and damage.
  3. Monitoring populations of pests and beneficial organisms, pest damage, and environmental conditions.
  4. Making decisions based on potential damage, cost, impact on other pests, beneficial organisms, and the environment.
  5. Reducing pests to acceptable levels by combining behavioural, biological, chemical, cultural, and mechanical methods.
  6. Evaluating the effects and efficacy of the treatment choices you make.


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Revised: July 26, 2007


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