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revised July 26, 2007

Arrow BulletState of the Region's Health 2001

The 2001 State of the Region's Health report (PDF file 1,083 KB) is the first in a series of annual reports that will highlight important health issues and trends in the Region of Peel.

The second report, the Child Health Report 2002 is also available.

This report focuses on four main areas:

  • The report also includes a section called Peel Health Facts (PDF file 127 KB), which contains the most recent health indicator data on mortality, premature mortality and hospitalization, life expectancy at birth and selected reproductive health statistics for the Peel population. References (PDF file 108 KB) are also available.

  • The residents of the Region of Peel enjoy relatively good health by provincial and national standards. Some of the trends identified in the report are encouraging, but there are still many health challenges to address - now and for the future.

"Health is a vital resource for everyday living, and a necessary part of a successful community," says Dr. David McKeown, Medical Officer of Health (PDF file 115 KB) for the Region of Peel . "The Region of Peel works with individuals and organizations in the public and private sectors to prevent illness and promote good health. Together, we strive to make Peel the healthiest community in Canada."

Health and Wealth - a Fundamental Link

  • Higher income is consistently related to lower health risks and better health outcomes in health studies. Health data from the Region of Peel reflect this pattern.
  • The link between health and wealth applies at all income levels, but is strongest for low income.
  • The incidence of low income in the Region of Peel increased between the 1991 and 1996 censuses. Certain groups, such as female-headed lone-parent families with children under the age of 18 years, have a very high rate of low income (56 per cent).
  • The overall health of the Peel population could be improved substantially if all residents were as healthy as those with the highest income.

  • Health and Wealth chapter (PDF file 171 KB)

Tobacco and Health - Successes and Challenges

  • Smoking is the greatest cause of premature and preventable death and disease in Canada.
  • While adult rates of smoking have continued to decline into the 1990s, smoking rates for youths aged 15-19 years have actually increased from 1990 onward.
  • Four important smoking related diseases are ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, and lung cancer. They rank among the top ten causes of death for both men and women.
  • As smoking rates have fallen, mortality rates from these diseases have declined. The improvement in mortality from chronic obstructive lung disease and lung cancer has affected mostly men. In Ontario as a whole, lung cancer mortality rates among women are rising.
  • If the trend toward increased youth smoking rates continues, this group will experience increased disease and death rates over the next twenty years.

  • Tobacco and Health chapter (PDF file 205 KB)

Motor Vehicle Accidents - Steering in the Right Direction

  • In the Region of Peel, motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death in children aged 1-19 years, and the second most common cause of death in young adults aged 20-44 years.
  • The mortality rate from motor vehicle accidents in the Region of Peel decreased between 1986 and 1996, despite an increase in the number of vehicles registered and an increase in the number of collisions in the Region. This trend is similar to that in Ontario as a whole.
  • Seat belt use and driving while impaired are important factors associated with motor vehicle accidents.
  • The proportion of Peel Region residents who always wear their seat belt is improving for drivers (from 72 per cent in 1990 to 82 per cent in 2001) and for passengers (from 59 per cent in 1990 to 84 per cent in 2001).
  • The 1996/97 Ontario Health Survey revealed that five per cent of Peel Region residents still reported drinking and driving over the past 12 months.

  • Motor Vehicle Accidents chapter (PDF file 191 KB)

Childhood Obesity - A Growing Problem

  • Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, type II diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, gallbladder disease and cancer.
  • 46 per cent of Canadian adults are overweight or obese, and are at increased health risk because of their weight.
  • The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children is increasing in Canada. The proportion of Canadian children who are obese (BMI greater than 95th percentile) increased from five per cent in 1981 to 16.6 per cent for boys and 14.6 per cent for girls in 1996.
  • The risk factors for obesity are increasing in Canadian children. The proportion of children who ate fruit and vegetables daily and exercised outside school hours decreased steadily between 1990 and 1998.
  • Physical activity levels decrease with age in the Region of Peel, with only 12.7 per cent of residents aged 45 and older physically active enough to reduce health risk in 1996/97.

  • Childhood Obesity chapter (PDF file 173 KB)
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Revised: July 26, 2007

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